The 2019 UN Climate Change Summit was held on 23 September 2019 at the UN Headquarters in New York.    The theme of the 2019 UN Climate Action Summit was „Climate Action Summit 2019: A Race We Can Win. A race we have to win.  The objective of the summit was to promote climate change measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to prevent the global average temperature from exceeding pre-industrial levels by more than 1.5°C (2.7°F). Sixty countries are expected to announce „measures to reduce emissions and support the population most vulnerable to the climate crisis,“ including France, a number of other European countries, small island states and India.  In order to increase pressure on political and economic actors to achieve the summit`s goals, a global climate strike took place on 20 September around the world, with more than four million participants.  In the run-up to COP24 in Katowice, Poland, a new IPCC report warns of the devastating consequences – including stronger storms and dangerous heat waves – if the average global temperature is 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and predicts that it could reach that level by 2030. Despite the report, countries disagree on stronger targets. However, they broadly agree on the rules for implementing the Paris Agreement and address issues such as how countries should report their emissions. However, they do not agree on the rules on the Emissions Trading Scheme and postpone this debate to 2019. It will also allow the parties to gradually increase their contribution to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. The main theme under discussion is a provision of the Paris Agreement, known as Article 6, which allows for the use of a global carbon market to help countries reduce their emissions and finance measures to reduce emissions in developing countries. Saudi Arabia: If at all, Saudi Arabia seems to be backing down in its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The „Vision 2030“ strategy adopted by the government in 2016 is indeed less ambitious than a 2013 plan that called on the country`s energy sector to diversify from oil dependence.
Although the 2030 vision indicates that Saudi Arabia plans to end fossil fuel subsidies, the government announced in December 2017 that it would slow down this exit from subsidies to „improve the economy.“ And the kingdom maintains an exit clause from its Paris targets when it decides the deal represents an „abnormal burden“ on the economy by reducing its fossil fuel revenues. The current commitments of national governments under the Paris Agreement fall far short of the requirements – together they would still condemn the world to an estimated temperature increase of more than 3°C by the end of the century. According to the latest UN emissions gap report, released days before the start of this year`s talks, countries will need to reduce their greenhouse gases by about 7.6% per year over the next ten years to stay within the 1.5C limit. Filling this gap will be the most important task of COP26. Cop represents conference of the parties under the UNFCCC, and the annual meetings have oscillated between disputes and euthanasia, imbued with dramatic and occasional moments of triumph (the Paris Agreement 2015) and disaster (Copenhagen in 2009). This year is the 25th iteration. Delegates arrived last night for the two-week summit. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Disaster Resilience Infrastructure Coalition (CDRI) on 25 September 2019. The young partnership has a secretariat in Delhi, supported by the United Nations Office for Disaster Reduction (USSR) to enable knowledge exchange, technical assistance and capacity building.   The Climate Summit, convened in 2019, brought together representatives of governments, businesses and civil society, which resulted in a series of initiatives to promote the fight against climate change. .